Tuesday, 10 May 2011

M1 garand a short history

The M1 Garand dates back to the 1930s when America needed a replacement for the Spingfield bolt action rifle. The Spingfield had been in service for a long time since the American Spanish war. Even though it was a good rifle and in this period no one had any semi automatic rifle. The American army still wanted the edge over other countries so they took their chances with the Garand. The Garand was designed by John Garand who was a Canadian. The Garand turned out to be very successful and gave American troops the edge, especially against the Japanese who used old Bolt action rifles. Other powers like Russia made their own version of the M1 Garand called the SVT-38. Another power Germany had their own variation of the M1 Garand. The Gewehr 41/43 and the MP44 (also known as the Sturmgewehr) which became the first assault rifle. A large disadvantage that the M1 Garand had was the distinctive “Ping!” which it made after the last round fired. This problem wasn't sold due to the need to mass produce the weapons. The M1 Garand would be in service up until 1963 seeing conflicts like World war 2 and Korea. M1 Garands had seen service in many countries including: West Germany, Argentina and Turkey during the cold war. The Garand weighs between 9.5 lb (4.31 kg) to 10.2 lb (4.63 kg) and used the .30-06 Spingfield ammunition. It used the “en bloc” clip which is used in many bolt action rifles like the Austrian-Hungarian Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 and the Italian M90 Carcano.

This is part of my new book about the M14

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